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After a lot more than two decades of conflict, a generation of Somali children lost an opportunity for formal education along with other advantages of a reliable childhood. Somalia has among the world’s lowest enrolment rates for primary school-aged children – only 30 percent of kids have been in school and simply 40 % of the are girls. Further, only 18 per cent of youngsters in rural households have been in school.

Very high rates of poverty in communities across Somalia ensure it is difficult for parents to cover school fees. In several areas, parents have to pay money for their children’s education, and poverty remains the key reason they provide because of not sending their kids to school. Somaliland declared free primary public education in 2011 but has experienced great difficulty in retaining teachers with the salaries the government can afford to pay for. With parents and communities will no longer purchasing, schools have hardly any funds to protect their running costs.

Girls’ participation in education is consistently lower than that for boys. Fewer than 50 % of girls attend primary school, and also the last countrywide survey from 2006 demonstrated that only 25 percent of ladies aged 15 to 24 were literate. The low accessibility of sanitation facilities (especially separate latrines for females), a lack of female teachers (less than 20 percent of primary-school teachers in Somalia are women), safety concerns and social norms that favour boys’ education are cited as factors inhibiting parents from enrolling their daughters in school.

Nomadic pastoralists are the cause of 65 % of the population in Somalia. Children within these communities are frequently denied their rights for education. Formal schooling for the kids continues to be taken up by only 22 per cent of pastoralist children, with enrolment slightly higher among boys than girls.

In Somalia, many children attending primary school start school much later than the recommended starting ages of 6. Because the 2011 MICS4 for Somaliland and Puntland shows, you will find significant quantities of ‘secondary age’ children (14-17 years old) attending primary school.

At local levels, community education committees and child to child clubs play a key role in school administration and in building community resilience. Regular monthly meetings from the Education Sector Committee will be supported, plus the technical working group (on, as an example, gender or Education Management Information System), so that you can strengthen the co-ordination of education-sector programmes.

At the very least 70 % of Somalia’s population is under the age of 30 – yet youth unemployment in Somalia is amongst the highest in the world, at 67 percent. UNICEF works to ensure that dexlpky23 young adults have the opportunities to enable them to support themselves and their families, and enter into the workforce. UNICEF and partners are empowering youth through technical education and vocational practicing for employment in Puntland and Somaliland.

To address these critical issues facing use of education, UNICEF Somalia works across 5 thematic areas as part of an extensive system of support to boost systems and supply service delivery. Such as: Formal Basic Education, Alternative Basic Education, Youth Education and Skills Development, Institutional Strengthening – human resources and capacity development, and Education in Emergencies. Low rates of primary school enrolment and attendance, along with high gender, geographic and minority disparities carry on and pose huge challenges to development in Somalia. UNICEF’s focus areas enable UNICEF and its partners to supply education services for even the most tough to reach or marginalised children.